Flora and Fauna
Vietnam’s soil is diverse with high fertility, thus providing very favourable conditions for the development of agriculture and forestry. Vietnam is also endowed with abundant and diverse flora, including 14,600 species of vegetation. Vietnam’s flora is mainly covered by tropical forests with plants and trees adapted to much sunshine, high temperature and high humidity. The fauna in Vietnam is as abundant and diverse as the flora. There exists a variety of precious species listed in the World Red Book. At present, there are 275 species of mammals, 800 species of birds, 180 species of reptiles, 80 species of amphibians, 2,400 species of fish and 5,000 species of insects. Dense forests, limestone mountain forests, and multi-canopied forests provide habitats of different species of monkeys, languors, gibbons and wild cats. Vietnamese forests have typical monkey species such as white-headed languors, delacours languors and black languors. Likewise, there are valuable species of birds such as pheasants and pheinardia ocellata. The high mountains in the North have many furred wild animals like selenartos, small bears, big black squirrels, foxes, otters and civet cats. Vietnam preserves some precious national parks of high biodiversity, such as Hoang Lien Son National Park (in Fan Xi Pan mountain, Lao Cai Province), Cat Ba National Park (Quang Ninh Province), Cuc Phuong National Park (Ninh Binh Province), Pu Mat National Park (Quang Binh Province), Bach Ma National Park (Thua Thien Hue Province), Con Dao National Park (Ba Ria Vung Tau Province), and Cat Tien National Park (Dong Nai Province), etc. These national parks are ideal places for Vietnamese and foreign scientists to conduct research and they are also eco-tourism attractions.